At the top of several of my "Writings" pages, I mention using Ctrl+End to get to the bottom of a page fast. A reader sent a message saying thank you, they had not known about that key combination. It got me to thinking and I wrote this. Hopefully it will help a few folk. I am sure that I will miss many. If you know of one that I have missed, please use the box at the bottom to tell me and I will add them.

Ctrl + Home Go to top of page
Ctrl + End Go to bottom of page
Ctrl + F Find a string
Ctrl + W Close a Window
Ctrl + P Print
Ctrl + R
In Internet Explorer
Refresh page
Ctrl + I
In Internet Explorer
Toggles a favourites frame
Ctrl + O
In Internet Explorer
Open a new page
Ctrl + A
In some applications.
Select all
Ctrl + C Copy whatever has been selected to the Clipboard
Ctrl + V Paste the contents of the Clipboard to where-ever the cursor is on the screen.
Ctrl + X Copy whatever has been selected to the Clipboard and then delete it.
Ctrl + Z
In some applications.
Undo the last "Edit" (Clipboard) action.
Ctrl + H
In Internet Explorer
Toggles a History frame
Ctrl + L
In Internet Explorer
Open a new page
Ctrl + S
In some applications.
Save the contents of the window.
Ctrl + B
In Internet Explorer
Organise Favourites
Ctrl + N
In Internet Explorer
Open a new window containing the same page.
Alt + F4
In Windows
Close the Active Window.


Those are some of the Ctrl shortcuts. Try them out for yourself in other applications.

Now some more to do with the Clipboard features.

Shift + Arrow keys Selects lines or characters


Now try this.

Ctrl + Esc Displays the Start Menu
Use the Up/Down Arrows to move up and down.
When you get to the desired place, press Enter


Now try this. Open two or more windows

Alt + Tab Allows you to change the window that has focus.


Next - look at the Menu Bar

If you press the Alt key, you will see that a letter is underlined in each word. If now you press the letter of your choice, a drop down menu will appear. Again you can use the underlined letter to play.

If the Menu does not appear, hold the Alt key down and tap the letter of your choice.


Finally, if you have a form with multiple elements in it, pressing the Tab key repeatedly will step you around the form, giving Focus to each element in turn. When a button has Focus, you can simply press the Enter key to "press" that button. Try Ctrl + O in Internet Explorer - then use the Tab key to get to Cancel - then press Enter


Similarly on the desktop, if an Icon has focus, pressing Enter activates the thing associated with that icon. Use the Arrow keys to step around the Icons !!


Feedback from readers

From David Swan
Internet Explorer
Outlook etc
Toggles to and from Full screen.
Alt + F4 Closes the window that has focus.
From Marko Mihorko [dBVIPS]
Select All.
Ctrl + Ins Copy whatever has been selected to the Clipboard
Shift + Ins Paste the contents of the Clipboard to where-ever the cursor is on the screen.
Shift + Del Copy whatever has been selected to the Clipboard and then delete it.
From Fabian Hiscock
Ctrl + I
Word for Windows
Toggles Italics.
Ctrl + B
Word for Windows
Toggles Bold.
Ctrl + U
Word for Windows
Toggles Underline.

David Stone gave me an update - I liked it a lot, so I have posted it verbatim. Thank you David.

I think I culled out most of the ones already mentioned--

Mostly universal in Win apps:
F1 brings up general help 
Alt-F1 brings up context-sensitive help
Ctrl-p opens the Print dialog box

When working with any multiple-document program such as Word or Excel:
Ctrl-F6 switches between open documents
Ctrl-F4 closes the current document only

Hold down the Windows key (lower left of keyboard), then:
tap E to get Windows Explorer 
tap F to get Find, or 
tap R to get Run
tap Tab to move between TaskBar entries (activate choice with Enter

In a folder, whether it's an icon list or not, arrow keys move the
focus to the next item, and you can type the first letter (and more if
you're fast!) of the folder you wish to select...then press enter to
open it.

For the double-clicked-handicapped, single-click an icon or file in
Explorer instead, then press the Enter key.

Romain Strieff [dBVIPS] gave me an update - it is posted it verbatim. Thank you Romain.

my Win2000 help file has lots of entries.
Natural keyboard shortcuts
Dialog box shortcuts
help viewer keyboard shortcuts
Windows explorer keyboard shortcuts
Windows keyboard shortcuts
Accessibility options keyboard shortcuts


If you use a spell checker for use outside of MS Office ? - you can find one at - I have been using it for years and I do really commend it !!
Ctrl + F9 launches it for me

I have just (3rd May 2004) tried the link above - it no longet exists - try one that I created and use
it is basic but it works for me !!


Please tell me about your clever use of the keyboard - thank you.